golf for beginners

[golf for beginning players]

[Garrett County Press]

Excerpt from
Golf for Beginning Players
by Jenette A. Stein & Emma F. Waterman

II. Back Swing

The back swing is a slow smooth movement of the club to the right progressing from the point of addressing the ball, across the body to a position above the shoulders and behind the neck. The movement of the club is initiated by the body pivot and a push of the left arm across the body. The pivot is a slow turning of the body to the right. If the player imagines that a stationary vertical pole ran through the middle of his body, he should turn his trunk and shoulders on the pole without displacing it. The head remains stationary throughout.

During the back swing the following movements occur to allow a smooth and free swing of the club:

1. The hips rotate to the right thus swinging the left hip forward.
2. In order to permit further hip rotation the left knee bends and turns inward. The left foot rolls inward with the heel raised and the weight on the inside of the ball of the foot.
NOTE:--Avoid transferring all weight to the right foot.
3. The club is pushed back slowly with the left arm.
4. As the club is raised, the right arm is relaxed and folds in toward the body. The left arm remains straight. Early in the swing the wrists start cocking. (Cocking the wrists means bending them backward until both thumbs are under the shaft of the club.) At the top of the swing the left arm should be practically parallel to the ground.
NOTE :--In order to keep the left arm straight and cock the wrists the club should be gripped with the fingers and not in the palms of the hands.

Common faults of the back swing are:

1. Shifting too much weight to the right foot.
2. Swaying or bending to the right instead of rotating the body over the ball.
3. Bending the left arm.
4. Raising the left shoulder.
5. Moving the head.

III. Down Swing

The down swing is the movement in which the club head strikes the ball. It begins after a momentary pause at the top of the back swing. The club is pulled across the body to the left, hitting the ball and continuing in the path of direction to the extent of the player's reach. The speed of the swing pulls the body weight on to the left foot and causes the stretched arms to recoil, throwing the club back of the player's head.

In taking a down swing the following movements occur:

1. The hips rotate to the left.
2. Practically simultaneously with the hip movement, the left arm starts the pull downward.
3. The wrists are straightened just before impact with the ball.
NOTE:--This action should be delayed until the left arm has swung below the hips.
4. The face of the club strikes the ball squarely and continues in the line of flight.
NOTE:--For a good shot it is necessary for the wrists and arms to be straight, and the club head slightly leading the hands at the moment of impact.
5. Continue the swing without loss of speed with the club following the path of the ball as far as possible. This is the follow-through. NOTE:--If the swing is fast and the follow-through complete, the weight of the body is pulled to the left with the right foot turned and the heel raised. The final position of the club is back of the head.

Common faults of the down swing are:

1. Bending the body forward at the start of the swing instead of rotating the hips.
2. Uncocking the wrists too soon.
3. Pushing with the right arm instead of pulling with the left.
4. Dropping the right shoulder.
5. Relaxing the wrists at the moment of impact.
6. Lifting the head at the moment of impact.
7. Failing to complete the follow-through.

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